Academic Staff Profiles Department of Physiology

Dr Omary Chillo, MD, PhD.

Education: Dr. Omary Chillo received his medical degree in December 2008 from Muhimbili University of Health and Allied Sciences (MUHAS) in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania. He then persuaded his PhD education at Ludwig Maximilian University in Munich, Germany and graduated with honor in December 2014. His PhD work was based in the development and remodeling of arterial vessels during vascular occlusive diseases. In his work, he found that mast cells activation promote the growth of collateral arteries (arteriogenesis) bypassing a site of stenosis protecting tissue from ischemic injury (Chillo et al., 2016, Chandraratne et al., 2015, Qin et al., 2013).
Expertise: Molecular Mechanisms of Vascular Pathophysiology
Research areas: Determination of risk factors in developing cardiovascular diseases
Areas of consultancies: Non-Communicable Diseases Prevention
Other Positions:
Founder Member – Tanzania Young Academy of Sciences
President and Co-Founder – Tanzania Health Summit
Member – Tanzania Medical Association
Selected publication:
Perivascular Mast Cells Govern Shear Stress-Induced Arteriogenesis by Orchestrating Leukocyte Function. Cell Rep, 16, 2197-207. Chillo.O et al


Dr. Emmanuel Balandya, MD, PhD.

Education: Dr. Balandya is a physician-scientist with medical, doctoral and post-doctoral training. He obtained his MD at the University of Dar-es-salaam in Tanzania in 2005, before joining the Dartmouth College for his doctoral studies (PhD) in the United States. He subsequently joined Harvard Medical School as a post-doctoral research fellow between 2012-2014.
Expertise: Advanced Biomedical Physiology, Immunology and Vaccinology.
Research areas: Cellular physiology in sickle cell disease
Areas of consultancy: Vaccine trials
Projects: Lymphocyte alteration in sickle cell disease
Selected Publication: Emmanuel Balandya, Teri Reynolds, Stephen Obaro, Julie Makani. Alteration of Lymphocyte Phenotype and Function in Sickle Cell Anemia: Implications for Vaccine Responses. Am J Hematol. 2016; 91(9):938-46

Dr. Fredirick Lazaro Mashili, MD, PhD.
 Education: Dr. Mashili received his medical degree from University of Dar es Salaam and his PhD in medical sciences from Karolinska Institute in Sweden. His PhD work focused on exercise and nutritional factors that regulate glucose and lipid metabolism in obesity and type 2 diabetes. His main interest is the application of exercise physiology principles in the prevention of cardiovascular diseases in both research and health care.

Expertise: Exercise and endocrine physiology,
Research areas: Lifestyle and environment interactions in the pathogenesis of type 2 diabetes mellitus and cardiovascular diseases.
Areas of consultancy: Hormones and health,corporate wellness, exercise prescription, physical activity policy and guidelines development, sports physiology.

  1. Promoting active commuting and leisure time physical activity for environmental and public health benefits in Tanzania.
  2. Validating simpler field techniques for assessing obesity and physical activity in children


SELECTED PUBLICATIONS (a link to the rest of publications)
 1.Constitutive STAT3 Phosphorylation Contributes to Skeletal Muscle Insulin Resistance in Type 2 diabetes. Mashili, Fredirick. Et al.

Dr. Davis Ngarashi, MD, MSc.

Dr. Ngarashi received both his degrees at MUHAS, doctor of medicine (MD) and Master’s of science (Physiology) in the years 2009 and 2012 respectively. He is currently working on his Ph.D. at Shimane University (Japan), focusing on the pathophysiological mechanisms of stroke and hypertension. As part of his responsibilities, he delivers lectures on basic and clinical physiology, successfully supervised undergraduate elective research projects and co-authored several publications.

Expertise: Human Physiology (Gastrointestinal and Cardiovascular Physiology)


 Dr. Mwanamkuu Jumanne Maghembe, MD, MSc (Neuroscience)

Education: Dr. Maghembe obtained her medical degree from Makerere University in Kampala, Uganda. She then graduated from King’s College London with a Master of Science in Neuroscience. She helps postgraduate and undergraduate students navigate the complexities of neurophysiology. Clinically her interests lie in merging dermatology and physiology.
Expertise and areas of consultancy: Neuroscience/Neurophysiology


Dr. Alexander M. Tungu

 Education: Dr. Alexander M. Tungu is a scientist with medical, doctoral and currently pursuing post-doctoral training. He obtained his MD degree at Muhimbili University of Health and Allied Sciences (MUHAS) in Tanzania in 2008 and his doctorate degree (PhD) at the University of Bergen in Norway in 2013. Later, he joined postdoctoral training (Post Doctoral research fellow) at MUHAS in Tanzania in 2014.  His PhD work focused on respiratory health among cement workers. His postdoctoral training is on noise exposure and hearing loss among workers.
Expertise: Respiratory health, Occupational health.
Research areas: Dust exposure and respiratory health, noise induced hearing loss
Areas of consultancy; Occupational health
Projects: Noise induced hearing loss in metal industries

1.Fractional exhaled nitric oxide among cement workers. Tungu AM et al.Occ Environ Med 2013; 70:289-295

Contact US

P.O. Box 65001
Dar es Salaam
Tel: Direct: +255-22-2151680, Tel: +255 22 2150302-6 (Ext. 1008 Dean, 1276 OMS)
Fax: +255-022-2150465